Adams: There were master potters called Adams, often with the first name William, potting at Tunstall, Staffordshire from the 18th Century. Later the best known were W Adams & Co/Sons, which in 1966 became part of Josiah Wedgwood Ltd. Backstamps include the initials W A & Co or W A & Sons or the name Adams sometimes with Tunstall. Adams patterns include Baltic, Cattle Scenery, Chinese Bird aka Bird in Basket, English Scenic and Tokio.
Booths: Thomas Gimbert Booth commenced potting in 1864 and the firm grew steadily, until during the first half of the 20th Century Booths of Tunstall were a major pottery and noted for their Silicon China. In 1948 Booths merged with Colclough and in 1954 were absorbed into Ridgways, which eventually merged with Royal Doulton in 1972. Early backstamps were initials T G B, T B & Son/Co, T G & F B, until 1891 from when the name Booths was used. Booths patterns include British Scenery, Indian Ornament, Old Blue Danube, Parrot and Real Old Willow.
Burleigh: Burleigh Ware or Burleighware is the trade name of Burgess & Leigh Ltd of Middleport Pottery, Burslem, Staffordshire, which also made Royal Crownford Calico. Today Burleigh, which was founded in 1851, is the only English pottery still producing traditional transfer printed earthenware. Backstamps include the initials B & L, the name Burgess & Leigh or Burleigh Ware. Our Burleigh factory specialist shop has all patterns, including Blue Calico, Asiatic Pheasants, Burgess Chintz, Arden and Felicity china.
Cauldon: Way back in 1830 John Ridgway commenced potting and through various partnerships, including Brown-Westhead Moore & Co, Cauldon Ltd emerged in 1904 and was a leading pottery until 1962, when it merged with Pountney & Co of Bristol. Early backstamps often included the name Ridgway, later the initials B W M & Co were used, until replaced by Cauldon in the 20th Century, which was elevated to Royal Cauldon from 1930. Cauldon patterns include Blue Moore, Byzantium, Chariot, Dragon and Prunus.
Churchill: A successful modern pottery, which was created from the long-standing firms of James Broadhurst and Sampson Bridgwood, the latter being founded in 1795. Myott-Meakin was acquired in 1991 and James Sadler of teapot fame in 2000. Today Churchill brands include Queens China and James Sadler, the names of designers and chefs such as Alex Clark and Jamie Oliver and lifestyle brands such as The Caravan Trail. Patterns include Blue Willow, Blue Story, Penzance, Alex Clark Rooster and the RHS Garden Selection.
Ford: Ford & Sons emerged in 1893 from the earlier partnerships of Ford & Riley and Whittingham dating back to 1876. Backstamps were initials W F & R, F & R, F & S or F & Sons Ltd., sometimes with the place name Burslem was included. Later the trade name Crownford appears. Patterns include Chatsworth, Dudley, Florida and Trent.
Furnivals: Brothers Jacob and Thomas Furnival were the first of the Furnival potting dynasty, although the subsequent firm of Thomas Furnival & Sons was the best known, becoming Furnivals Ltd. and then Furnivals (1913) Ltd., until the business closed in 1968 and the name and patterns were acquired by Enoch Wedgwood & Co. Backstamps usually include the Furnivals name. Patterns include Denmark, Old Chelsea, Onion, Blue Quail and Brown Quail.
Grimwades: Grimwade Bros. began potting in 1886 and in 1900 became Grimwades Ltd. trading until 1964, when it was acquired by Howard Pottery Co., which later became part of Coloroll. Backstamps included the initials G B and G Bros. and later the name Grimwades. Patterns include Carro, Delph, Genoa and Willow.
Grindley: W H Grindley & Co started in 1880 and survived until the firm was acquired by Alfred Clough in 1960, although after various changes of owner, Grindley re-emerged in 1988, but finally succumbed to bankruptcy in 1999. Backstamps invariably include Grindley or Grindleys and later a sailing ship in a rectangular frame or shield was used also. Grindley were especially known for flow blue patterns such as Florida, Lorne, Melbourne and Shanghai. Latter patterns include Beauty Roses, Country Style, Homeland and Scenes after Constable.
Hales, Hancock & Godwin: London retailers and wholesalers, selling “own label” patterns, often made by Wood & Sons. Backstamp are usually the initials H H&G Ltd with a Toby Jug symbol. Patterns included Aquila, Lakeland and Orient.
Sampson Hancock: Sampson was Hancock’s first name and he traded from 1858, becoming Sampson Hancock and Sons from 1891 and a limited company in the 1930s, before the business closed in 1937. Backstamps are initials S H, S H & S or S H & Sons or the names S Hancock and S Hancock & Sons. Patterns include Alexandra, Asiatic Pheasants, Chantilly, Old Woodstock and Rockery & Pheasant.
Johnson Bros: There were 4 Johnson brothers and their pottery was founded in 1883. They concentrate on producing tableware, especially for North American and grew rapidly until they had 5 potteries. In 1968 Johnson Bros became part of the Wedgwood Group and remains a brand today. Backstamps include the Royal Coat of Arms and later a Crown used with the name Johnson Bros. Patterns are many and varied, but include Blue Denmark, Coaching Scenes, Devon Cottage, Historic America and Old Britain Castles.
George Jones: George Jones served a potting apprenticeship with Mintons, although thereafter he built a successful merchant business selling pottery, before starting his own pottery in 1862 at the age of 39. Two of his sons joined him in partnership in 1873 and the firm became George Jones & Sons, although the family sold the business in 1929 and after several changes of ownership George Jones finally closed in 1951. Backstamps in the early days were the initials G J as a monogram, then G J & Sons, with Crescent Pottery adopted as a trade name in 1873, until George or G Jones & Sons began to appear in full from the 1920s. Patterns include the well known Abbey, which had its own backstamp Abbey 1790, rather misleading as it was re-introduced in 1901 having been an Adams’ design in the 19th Century. Other George Jones' patterns include Belfort, Dragon, Spanish Festivities and Woodland.
Keeling: In 1886 Keeling & Co succeeded a long line of illustrious potters at Dale Hall in Burslem and soon had a reputation for fine tableware and highly decorated wares. The quality was so good that perversely they had to close in 1936, when the Depression made their prices unaffordable by many. Backstamps include the initials K & Co, often with a kneeling potter with ewer, the date 1790 and Late Mayers. From 1912 the trade names Losol and Losol Ware were used. Patterns included Asiatic Pheasants.